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This post shows how to encrypt and decrypt string in ASP.NET Core.


Encrypt decrypt output

Lately I’ve been working with ASP.NET Core. The .NET Core moves things around a little bit, at least until .NET Standard 2.0 arrives. Here’s some simple code which I’ve been using to encrypt and decrypt a string in ASP.NET Core using a static key.

First, the example console app:

        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            var content = "Example test";
            var key = "E546C8DF278CD5931069B522E695D4F2";

            var encrypted = EncryptString(content, key);
            Console.WriteLine(encrypted);

            var decrypted = DecryptString(encrypted, key);
            Console.WriteLine(decrypted);

            Console.ReadLine();
        }

Secondly, the source code for EncryptString and DecryptString:

        public static string EncryptString(string text, string keyString)
        {
            var key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(keyString);

            using (var aesAlg = Aes.Create())
            {
                using (var encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(key, aesAlg.IV))
                {
                    using (var msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                    {
                        using (var csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                        using (var swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                        {
                            swEncrypt.Write(text);
                        }

                        var iv = aesAlg.IV;

                        var decryptedContent = msEncrypt.ToArray();

                        var result = new byte[iv.Length + decryptedContent.Length];

                        Buffer.BlockCopy(iv, 0, result, 0, iv.Length);
                        Buffer.BlockCopy(decryptedContent, 0, result, iv.Length, decryptedContent.Length);

                        return Convert.ToBase64String(result);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        public static string DecryptString(string cipherText, string keyString)
        {
            var fullCipher = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);

            var iv = new byte[16];
            var cipher = new byte[16];

            Buffer.BlockCopy(fullCipher, 0, iv, 0, iv.Length);
            Buffer.BlockCopy(fullCipher, iv.Length, cipher, 0, iv.Length);
            var key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(keyString);

            using (var aesAlg = Aes.Create())
            {
                using (var decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(key, iv))
                {
                    string result;
                    using (var msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipher))
                    {
                        using (var csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                        {
                            using (var srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))
                            {
                                result = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    return result;
                }
            }
        }

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